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EFA-Essential Fatty Acids
Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) are vital components to the structure of all our cell membranes. They make your cell membranes strong, flexible and healthy. GLA contained in Efamol Evening Primrose Oil is one of the most beneficial EFAs.
EFA-Essential Fatty Acids > Efamol-EPO
Highest quality Evening Primrose Oil
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 Item Details
Item Details
Efamol 200 Capsules Item Name:
Efamol 200 Capsules
Item #:


The most potent evening primrose oil supplement on the market to help maintain hormonal balance and promote smooth, healthy-looking skin.


  • Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil is available as:-
    • 1000mg capsules - clear oblong soft gelatine capsules
  • These products are free from sodium, sugar, starch, gluten, wheat, yeast, dairy, artificial colours and preservatives
  • Efamol Evening Primrose Oil contains 33% more Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) than most other evening primrose oils.
  • With vitamin E

* suitable for vegetarians

Suggested daily intake

1 to 3 capsules per day with food (1000mg),

If taking this product for the first time, we recommend: Take 3 x 1000mg capsules  per day for the first month, then 2 x 1000mg capsules per day to help optimise the body's stores of essential fatty acids. After this time a lower intake is sufficient to maintain the body's levels.

Nutrition Information

 1 x 1000mg

% RDA*

Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil



of which GLA



Vitamin E



* EC Recommended Daily Allowance
** No RDA Established


Capsule Pure Evening Primrose Oil, capsule shell (gelatin, glycerine), vitamin E (as dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate)


Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil is specially formulated;

  • To maintain hormonal balance via prostaglandin metabolism.
  • " To maintain health of skin, hair and nails, being not only an essential element of the skin structure, but also a precursor of prostaglandins, which have an important role to play in the maintenance of healthy skin
  • To maintain peripheral nerve health.

The most effective source of GLA

Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil is a rich source of the polyunsaturated fatty acid GLA. It provides GLA in the form most effectively absorbed and utilised by the body.

GLA controls the body's production of prostaglandins, chemical messengers that help to regulate many of the body's processes including the reproductive cycle and the maintenance of hormonal balance.

For smooth, healthy-looking skin

GLA is also an essential element of the skin structure and is needed for smooth, healthy looking skin.


Whilst Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil is generally regarded as safe to take with medicines, anyone under medical supervision, or taking medication, should consult their doctor before taking a supplement. This product should not be used in children under 2 years of age. Food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied diet.


Is it for me?

Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil has been specially formulated to:

What is the Evening Primrose?

Strictly speaking, not a primrose at all, but a member of the rose bay willow herb family whose bright yellow flowers, which open in the evening, look like real primroses.

Why choose Efamol  Pure Evening Primrose Oil rather than any other brand?

Our patented Evening Primrose plant, produces oil with 33% more GLA in it than the plants used by any other manufacturers, and the way we extract the oil from the seed makes for a cleaner, more nutritionally valuable supplement. This is why we feel justified in claiming that our evening primrose supplement is the best on the market.

Why you might not get sufficient GLA from a balanced diet

GLA is not found in our diet naturally - it's produced in our bodies through a conversion process which changes Linoleic Acid (LA) to GLA. Foods that contain LA include safflower and corn oil, but your body's conversion process can become less efficient due to a variety of factors, including diet, age, alcohol consumption and an excess of saturated fats in the diet.

Can I take Efamol Pure Evening Primrose Oil alongside other medicines?

Yes, although we recommend that anyone under medical supervision or taking prescribed medication should consult their health care provider before taking any kind of food supplement.

Minor side effects have occasionally been reported, including headaches, nausea gastro-intestinal disturbances like loose stools. Such side effects either disappear on their own or respond to a reduced intake of Efamol Rigel Pure Evening Primrose Oil.

Relevant Research

Evening Primrose (onethera biennis) is a biennial herb that has gained recognition in the scientific world - because of its precious seed oil. It has been used for more than 500 years by the Algonquin Indians, both as food and medicine. In the 16th century, knowledge of this plant was passed to the Europeans - who called it "King's cure-all."

This plant was one of the earliest wild edibles transplanted to Europe as a food. The first-year roots were boiled or pickled. The leaves were peeled and eaten raw. The oil was an important ingredient in medicines used to treat burns, wounds and skin lesions. Essential fatty acids (EFAs) were actually discovered in 1929. They are food factors that, like vitamins, cannot be made by the body but must be obtained from foods. In 1978 EFAs were reported to be key ingredients in evening primrose oil. Dr. David Horrobin, of the Clinical Research Institute of Montreal, experimented with evening primrose oil in treating 40 multiple sclerosis patients. Later research has revealed that evening primrose oil is effective for many diseases related to deficiencies of essential fatty acids. EFAs have structural and functional roles in all cell membranes, especially the brain. They are also converted to prostaglandins (PGs) - hormone-like chemicals that are manufactured in each organ as needed and then rapidly destroyed. Through cellular reactions, prostaglandins play a vital role in the second-by-second control of how these organs work. (There are many prostaglandins, both beneficial and harmful. The goal of research is to help the body produce "good" prostaglandins and reduce its production of "bad' prostaglandins.) Cis-linoleic acid, on of the EFAs found in vegetable or seed oils, is converted in the body to gammalinoleic acid (GLA) in order to be utilized. Yet, Dr. Horrobin feels that most people are deficient in the ability to convert linoleic acid into GLA - thereby seriously curtailing the production of one of the most critical prostaglandins, PGE. Diets high in refined foods and processed vegetable oils (containing trans fatty acids) tend to block this conversion. Alcohol further reduces GLA formation. Aging causes a decrease in the ability to make GLA (that may itself be a factor in aging). Diabetes, viral infections, radiation, cancer - as well as nutritional def iciencies of zinc, magnesium, vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine) are all factors affecting conversion.

Once GLA is formed, it soon converts to dihomogammalinolenic acid (DGLA) - which can then be converted into other compounds, the most important being PGE1. This PGE1 can stop thrombosis, lower blood pressure, slow down cholesterol production, and enhance the effect of insulin. It also helps to prevent inflammation and control arthritis. Its action on the brain promotes a feeling of well being. Laboratory experiments suggest that PGE1 stops the growth of many types of cancer cells. Acute EFA deficiency in humans was observed in the 1950s. Infants given artificial milk formulations that were far too low in EFA levels developed dry, scaly skin, eczema-like rashes, irritability and a substantial increase in calorie intake. Appetites normalized and the skin cleared rapidly when the EFAs were added to the formula. EFA deficiency became apparent again in the 1970s when fluids for total parenteral nutrition were being developed. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration would not allow EFAs to be included. This resulted in skin rashes resembling psoriasis or eczema, failure of wounds to heal and irritability. Evening primrose seed oil contains significant amounts of gamma-linoleic acid. It is not the only form of GLA, however. Borage oil and black current oil have recently been discovered to exhibit properties similar to primrose oil. The only other food containing significant amounts of this substance is breast milk, which contains over four times the amount found in cow's milk. When switched from breast to bottle, babies often develop eczema due to lack of GLA

Breastfeeding protects infants from the development of atopy - partly because human breast milk is rich in the products of delta-6-desaturase activity, GLA and arachidonic acid.Atopics are usually susceptible to viral bronchiolitis. Such infections could permanently damage an already defective enzyme system by blocking the delta-6-desaturase, leaving the youngster at risk of having low levels of PG precursors.

Hyperactivity in Children

The Hyperactive Children's Support Group in England observed that many children who are hyperactive are also atopic. One common symptom is continuous thirst yet concentrated urine production, brought about by abnormally permeable skin surfaces that allow increased loss of fluid. The use of evening primrose oil in treating hyperactivity is only successful with children who are both hyperactive and atopic or come from atopic families. Better than 80 percent of these children have shown improvement.

Joint stiffness and Related Disorders

Evening primrose oil may produce improvement in joint stiffness and inflammation. It also may enhance tear production in those with dry eye syndrome.  EFA deficiency leads to atrophy of lachrymal glands. PGE1 helps regulate tear secretion. Evening primrose oil proved to be the most effective agent in these cases.

Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) plagues many women during the days following ovulation until the onset of menses. Symptoms include weight gain, breast pain, irritability, depression, headaches and a host of other discomforts. Symptoms have been relieved in mild to severe cases with the use of evening primrose oil. Vitamin B-6 (pyridoxine) increases the efficiency with which the body tissues make use of EFAs.

Brittle nails, an apparent symptom of EFA deficiency, improve within 3 or 4 weeks of using evening primrose oil. Oil of evening primrose needs other nutrients which help to convert GLA in prostaglandins E. These adjunctive supplements include zinc, vitamin C, vitamin B-3, and B-6.

Safety of Evening Primrose Oil

An excessive intake of evening primrose oil may cause headaches. Reducing the amount of oil consumed and taking capsules with food usually alleviates such discomfort. Softer stools are the frequent result of too much oil. Epileptics should be given this oil cautiously, since the condition of those suffering temporal lobe epilepsy may deteriorate with very high doses, although lower doses have not shown any side effects. A nutritional consultant can help one to choose the most effective program for one's biochemical individuality. References

Erasmus, Udo Fats and Oils, (Alive books, 1986)

Horrobin, David F. Essential Fatty Acids: A Review (Clinical Uses of Essential Fatty Acids, 1982)

Moore, Michael Medicinal Plants of the Mountain West, (The museum of New Mexico Press, 1979)

Irene Yaychuk-Arabei, PhD, MH, RNC is a holistic health educator, with combined expertise in nutrition, herbs, and specialized kinesiology. Much of her knowledge comes not only from intensive study but also from personal experience. She has lectured in Canada, the United States, Europe and Russia. In addition to being a Master Herbalist, Irene is also certified as an instructor in Human Ecology Balancing Sciences and Touch for Health. Irene practises in Brantford, Ontario.



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